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Environmental Features of Vernacular Architecture

Urban vernacular dwellings in Nicosia (semi-open space and courtyard) (credits: BioVernacular Research Program_Maria Philokyprou and Stavroula Thravalou)

Urban vernacular dwellings in Nicosia (facade towards the street showing openings, balconies and lightweight projecting volumes) (credits: BioVernacular Research Program_Maria Philokyprou and Stavroula Thravalou)

Urban vernacular dwellings in Nicosia (facade towards the street showing openings, balconies and lightweight projecting volumes) (credits: BioVernacular Research Program_Maria Philokyprou and Stavroula Thravalou)

The sustainable identity of vernacular dwellings is closely connected with the satisfaction of the actual needs of the inhabitants with simple means, the use of traditional local materials and available resources, the incorporation of many environmental features to their design as well as with their continually reuse and adaptation to the local conditions. Various passive design strategies (i.e. heating and cooling, natural ventilation) and features (such as semi-open spaces, courtyards, cross arrangement of openings, lightweight projecting volumes for ventilation and lighting) are often incorporated in vernacular dwellings.

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