Use of GIS technology
N-340 roadway corridor project
Geographical Information System (GIS) are a computer-based set of tools that work with georeferenced data using spatial or geographic coordinates (geodata) with practical purpose. Developed from the evolution of different software such as Databases Manager System (DMS), Computer-Aided Design (CAD), and image processing GIS works as a database where geometry and geographical representation associated to spatial data. From its beginning in 1960 the use of GIS focus in the environmental management and end up broadening to other fields with special implication in heritage. The use of GIS is spread around different field like surveying of environmental risk, climate monitoring, elaboration of maps and cartography or territorial analysis. Focusing on heritage and sustainability the construction of Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI) stands out like the main tool where public and private institution promote the inclusion of different data at national and international level. The use of GIS in this field constitutes a net where tools, software and information are meshed and allow both professional and student to create, manage, analyse, and query any works around all types of spatial data.